Fw 190F-8

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The Fw 190F-8 is a ground attack derivative of the Fw 190A, used in the fighter-bomber role.


Although from the start the Fw 190A was capable of being fitted with bombs, in 1942 the Luftwaffe began to modify the design specifically for the ground attack role to replace the obsolete Henschel Hs 123 and Junkers Ju 87 dive bombers in the close air support role. Extra armor and bomb racks were added to create the Fw 190F close air support aircraft in 1942; once this was complete the Fw 190G was developed with added range for deeper strikes past the front lines. By this stage in the war production was somewhat haphazard; production records for the Fw 190F are missing after December 1944 and some Fw 190Gs were "Frankensteined" together from damaged Fw 190s. Nevertheless, at least 3400 F and 1300 G models were produced and the type was well-regarded; starting in late 1942 Jagdbomber or "Jabo" units in France equipped with early Fw 190A conversions conducted attacks on shipping in the English Channel and targets in southern England. These raiders were difficult to intercept as they would attack at low level and then retreat at high speed, tying up Spitfire and Typhoon units. From 1943 they also conducted night attacks, although Mosquito night fighters inflicted heavy losses. On the Eastern Front, Fw 190Fs were pressed into service replacing the dwindling numbers of Ju 87 Stukas from 1943 onward in the close air support role.

Combat Performance

The Fw 190F-8 sacrifices two 20mm cannons from the original design, but is still an effective strafing aircraft. Tough, fast, and accurate at bomb delivery, it's only handicap is a short endurance over the battlefield. Dropping its payload and a few strafing runs are about all that can be expected of it, and once forced to return home it is vulnerable to enemy fighters that can catch it.

Detailed Unit Info