Il-2 PTAB

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Overview

The IL-2 with PTAB (anti-tank bomblets) is the main tank-buster aircraft of the Soviet Union.

History

RS rockets suffered from poor accuracy. Early testing demonstrated that, when fired from 500 m, a mere 1.1% of 186 fired RS-82 hit a single tank and only 3.7% hit a column of tanks. RS-132 accuracy was even worse with no hits scored in 134 firings during one test. Combat accuracy was even worse since the rockets were typically fired from even greater distances. To further complicate the matters, RS-82 required a direct hit to disable light German armor with near-misses causing no damage. RS-132 could defeat medium German armor with a direct hit but caused almost no damage to light or medium armor with a near-miss.

Aware of their ground attack ineffectiveness, Soviets began to experiment two new tactics in order to destroy tanks with airplanes at the battle of Kursk:

  1. Modified Il-2 based on two seat Il-2, armed with Nudelman-Suranov NS-37 instead of 20/23 mm cannons, this version is a very similar concept to the german Ju87G. However, combat effectiveness was quite low, may be because of the IL-2 relative low maneuverability or because of the level of training such weapon needed to attack the thin top of tanks. Moreover, bomb load decreased from 600 kg to 200 kg and even with 48mm of penetration, this gun didn't have enough punch for heavy tanks.
  2. Conventional Il-2 with 220 PTAB anti-tank bomblets in the internal weapon bays or 192 PTAB in four external dispensers. The PTAB-2.5-1.5 has 1.5kg of explosive and could penetrate from 60mm to 70mm, which was enough to destroy any tank of the WWII even the heavier ones because it falls generally straight to the top of tanks. The amount of bombs dropped ensured high probability of hits against enemy tanks even when they were in open formation. The usual maneuver needed to use the PTAB was a dive bombing from 70 to 100m altitude and the footprint of bombs dropped by a single aircraft could cover 2 or 3 tanks spaced 60-75m apart.

First used on July 2 1943, group of eight Il-2 (Captain M.I.Smilskij, 1st Guard Assault Division) performed five runs over about 70 German tanks poised for attack, dropping no less than 1200 PTABs. Fifteen machines were set afire.

Pilots of 266th ShAD, 1st ShAK destroyed or damaged 10 panzers and 10 vehicles during an attack (led by Matikov of the 673rd ShAP) of stationary tanks near Yakovlevo and Pogorelovo. 491 PTABs were used.

The claims by pilots using the bombs were so extensive that they were often doubted by superior officers. Staffs officer and commanders started flying combat missions to monitor the result of air strikes in person, and finally stated : "the enemy losses statistics cited were correct"

"the encrypted message sent by Col Gen Vorozheykin to Stalin on 11 July 1943 says that Soviet ground troops deployed on Hill 255.1 saw six IL-2 attack 15 Tiger tanks, settings six of them on fire. A large panzer force was detected on a hill cast of Kashary on 10 July. Soviet attack aircraft delivered a pin-point air strike, killing 30 enemy tanks and settings 14 on fire, while the rest of the panzer group dispersed and started a chaotic retreat northwards"

The PTAB had indeed made an impressive debut, as a result the Soviet command chose to employ the PTAB on large scale. In other hand, production of the NS-37 variant of the IL2 stopped. Recovering from the initial shock of the PTAB, Germans tanks soon adopted open formations as a reaction, undermining their morale, speed of deployment, command and control efficiency but reducing the effectiveness of IL2 strikes.

Combat Performance

The IL2 PTAB is a very hard to control selective nuke, destroying large strips on land, leaving anything smaller then a truck perfectly fine, while anything larger is reduced to a pile of ash. Being as slow and clumsy as it is, anything that can fire at it will stop the bombing and send it running away, if not destroy it by accident. In most cases, the IL-2 PTAB is a suicide bomber, since turning away from AA is a task the IL-2 is just not fitted to carry out. Unlike most Anti tank bombers, the IL-2 PTAB is stopped by any amount of AA placed in front of the tank, and even without AA, the tanks can move slightly to the side, as the bombing strip is relativly thin and highly predictable(again, since IL-2 can't turn and turning while bombing is impossible entierly for some reason)

Despite being insanely hard to use at all, let alone properly, there are some tricks that allow you to have some help against armor from the sky:

- You control the bombing strip size via the high of the bomber. Starting the bombing from high up will make the strip much wider, but shorter. This requires some babysitting to acomplish, as getting the right angle of attack is very tricky and going in too steep will cause the bombs to fall in a single point or very close to it. Going way too steep will make the bombs go in some very, very weird places. The bomber begins it's decent when an attack order is issued, so the sooner you attack, the longer and tighter your bombing run will be. Give the bombing orders slightly in advence, so the small adjustments to the flight can be made in time.

- Make sure either the Il-2 is facing the target before it's bomb drop or is able to adjust well in time before it reaches it's target. Failing to due so will introduce you to the fail of turning - a secret move of the Il-2 that tricks enemy AA into shooting it down.

- Not much of a tip, but a warning: you get two bombers with one bomb each. So two tries with only one sortie. It's very unlickely an Il-2 will make it out alive, as the in-game version does not have the real-life version's armor (yes, soviets like putting armor on some things, while making other things out of cardboard). Just be careful, as using an Il-2 is more of a strategec choice than you might think.

Detailed Unit Info